Tagged: carbohydrate

Low-Fat vs. Low-Carb Diets

For the past 50 years, the basic di­­chotomy in diets for both weight control and general health has been low-fat versus low-carbohydrate. Low-fat diets (endorsed since the 1950s by official U.S. dietary guidelines for the prevention...

Energy drinks: power or poison?

There are dozens of so-called “energy drinks” on the market today. They promise to be magic elixirs that will keep you awake, give you superpowers, etc., but what are they really, and how (or...

A gut bacterium’s guide to building a microbiome

The mammalian gut is warm, moist, and incredibly nutrient-rich—an environment that is perfect for bacterial growth. The communities of “good bacteria” in the gut, commonly referred to as the microbiome, are vital partners for...

Is sugar ruining our health?

More than one-third of American adults are now classified as obese, meaning they have a body mass index of greater than 30—and putting them at increased risk for numerous health problems, including stroke, many...

Low-fat or low-carb?

New evidence from a study at the Stanford University School of Medicine might dismay those who have chosen sides in the low-fat versus low-carb diet debate. Neither option is superior: Cutting either carbs or fats shaves...

Weighing in on sugar substitutes

Artificial sweeteners—used in count­less “sugar-free” products, from sodas, fruit drinks, and candies to baked goods, yogurt, jams, and ice cream—are often thought of as weight-loss aids since they have few or no calories. And...

What are sugar alcohols?

Also called polyols, sugar alcohols are reduced-calorie sweeteners used in many “diet” foods—from candies and jams to baked goods and ice cream—as well as in sugar-free gums, cough drops, mouthwashes, toothpastes, and other products....